On April 28, 2019, the National Innovation Alliance for the Protection and Sustainable Utilization of Ancient Tea Trees and the National Innovation Alliance for Nuts in Southwest China were established in Kunming, Yunnan Province.
The alliance is composed of ten alliance units headed by Southwest Forestry University, which will play an active role in promoting the protection and utilization of ancient tea plants in China. At the same time, the seminar on the conservation and sustainable use of ancient tea was held for the first time.
China is the homeland of tea and the world's recognized birthplace of tea and tea culture. Guo Huijun, president of Southwest Forestry University, said that ancient tea is an important tea germplasm resource and an important germplasm gene bank for the selection of good varieties in the future development of tea industry. "Wild ancient tea is a living fossil of the origin of tea plants, which is of great value to the study of tea germplasm, tea culture, tea ecological history and industrial development in China.
At present, ancient tea resources in China are mainly distributed in the southwest provinces, of which Yunnan is the most abundant, with the largest number, area and age of ancient tea trees. With the development of economy and society, Chinese ancient tree tea has become a scarce resource with its unique quality and ecological, cultural and historical background, and it is also the high-end target of tea ceremony.
It is understood that at the 25th Tea Culture and Art Festival in Fengqing County, Lincang City, Yunnan Province, in 2015, an ancient tree tea was sold at public auction, and 100 grams of tea were sold at 350,000 yuan, making it the most expensive new tea in Pu'er Tea History; in 2018, the old Banzhang Tea King was taken away with 680,000 yuan per kilogram. In recent years, many ancient tea plants have been listed by enterprises or individuals for high-priced adoption.
On the one hand, the tea fever of ancient trees has brought economic benefits to the various links of tea forest (agriculture) and tea industry, on the other hand, it has also brought new problems to the protection and utilization of ancient tea trees and the development of the market. At present, the research, protection and utilization of ancient tea plants (gardens) in China are still very limited. How to effectively protect ancient tea plants and their ecological environment and scientific development and utilization need to be studied and standardized urgently.
Guo Huijun said, "As one of the leading units of the alliance, we will continue to improve the organization and management system of the alliance, strengthen exchanges and cooperation among member units, integrate wisdom and strength, expand channels for transformation of achievements, and contribute to the protection and utilization of ancient tea resources."
Li Jianzhu, inspector of the Science and Technology Department of the State Forestry and Grassland Administration, said that the National Innovation Alliance for the Protection and Sustainable Utilization of Ancient Tea Trees and the National Innovation Alliance for Nuts in Southwest China are two of the 110 alliances of innovation approved by the State Forestry and Grassland Administration. State repair, promote the transfer and transformation of achievements, and promote the deep integration of industry, University and research.
Regardless of the technical standards, classification management and sustainable utilization of scarce resources, Pumen Tea Industry hopes to make a modest contribution to the scientific and technological development of ancient tree tea with its own resources and capabilities!